The path is similar to the solar eclipse of February 26, It takes place just 17 months after the solar eclipse of July 2, and, like the eclipse, is also visible from Chile and Argentina. It is also a partial solar eclipse in Brazil and Uruguay. This solar eclipse will occur one lunar year after the annular solar eclipse on December 26, Totality will also be visible on Mocha Island. Time and coverage of darkness in the main cities and towns in Chile, in order from north to south:.
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- by Fred Espenak, GSFC Planetary Systems Laboratory;
- Eclipse of the sun.
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Animated path. This eclipse is a member of a semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every days and 4 hours a semester at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit. Note: Partial solar eclipses on February 15, , and August 11, , occurred during the previous semester series. It is a part of Saros cycle , repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 72 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on April 17, It contains one hybrid eclipse on July 14, , and total eclipses from July 25, through October 29, The series ends at member 72 as a partial eclipse on June 5, The longest duration of totality will be 6 minutes, 34 seconds on May 28, The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date.
All eclipses in this table occur at the Moon's descending node. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Solar eclipse of December 14, Map.enter site
Solar and Lunar Eclipses Worldwide – 2020
A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved 6 October The exact brightness distribution in the umbra is difficult to predict, so observers are encouraged to estimate the Danjon value at mid-totality see Danjon Scale of Lunar Eclipse Brightness. It may also be necessary to assign different Danjon values to different portions of the Moon e.
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Much of the eclipse will be seen in central and eastern Europe, but observers there will miss the later stages of the eclipse because they occur after moonset. Likewise parts of the central Pacific experience moonrise after the eclipse begins.
Timing with the Astrological Moon
Table 2 lists predicted umbral immersion and emersion times for 25 well-defined lunar craters. The timing of craters is useful in determining the atmospheric enlargement of Earth's shadow see Crater Timings During Lunar Eclipses. The January 21 eclipse is the 27th eclipse of Saros This series began on Apr 01 and is composed of 72 lunar eclipses in the following sequence: 8 penumbral, 10 partial, 26 total, 10 partial, and 18 penumbral eclipses Espenak and Meeus, a. In this context, the January 21 eclipse is the 9th total eclipse in the series. The last total eclipse is on Jul 26 and the final eclipse of the series is on May Complete details for this Saros series can be found at: Saros Click for detailed diagram Total Solar Eclipse of July The eagerly awaited total solar eclipse of July 02 is the first one since the Great American Total Eclipse of Such a close Moon during a total eclipse typically produces a long duration of totality - especially if the path passes near the Equator.
In the case of the July 02 event, the maximum duration is just over 4. The total eclipse is visible from within a narrow corridor that traverses the Pacific Ocean and southern South America. A partial eclipse is seen within the much broader path of the Moon's penumbral shadow, which includes the Pacific Ocean and most of South America Figure 3. Oeno Island is a remote coral atoll and is part of the Pitcairn Islands.
Unfortunately, there is no other landfall along the entirety of the Pacific track of kilometers. The region enjoys especially dry and clear weather - so much so that a string of major international astronomical observatories have been built there, including Cerro Tololo, La Silla and Gemini South. After crossing the Andes, the lunar shadow descends into Argentina for the last segment of its track.
The shadow covers the kilometer-stretch across Argentina in only 3 minutes.
Mercury enters Sagittarius
In Argentina, San Juan lies just inside the southern limit while Cordoba is 75 kilometers north of the track. Just before the path ends, it barely misses Buenos Aires, the northern edge only 30 kilometers south of the center of the capital. Nevertheless, all roads leading from Buenos Aires to the central line will probably be clogged with traffic on eclipse day.
At UT1 the lunar shadow lifts off Earth and returns to space. Central line coordinates and circumstances are presented in Table 3. Partial phases of the eclipse are visible across the southern Pacific Ocean and South America. Local circumstances for a number of cities in South America are found in Table 4. The Sun's altitude and azimuth, the eclipse magnitude and obscuration are all given at the instant of maximum eclipse at each location.
The Jul 02 Solar Eclipse Circumstances Calculator is an interactive web page that can quickly calculate the local circumstances for the eclipse from any geographic location not included in Table 4. This is the 58th eclipse of Saros Espenak and Meeus, All eclipses in the series occur at the Moon's ascending node and gamma decreases with each member in the family. The series is a mature one that began with a modest partial eclipse on Oct After 20 partial eclipses in the series and more than 3 centuries, the first umbral eclipse occurred on May The event was a 2-minute total eclipse through New England, eastern Canada and Greenland.
During the next 2 centuries, the umbral duration continued to increase as each path shifted progressively southward.
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The greatest umbral duration of Saros occurred during the total eclipse of Aug Unfortunately, the 5 minute 40 second total eclipse was only visible from equatorial Africa, which was virtually inaccessible to astronomers of the day. As the duration of each succeeding eclipse decreased, the paths reversed their southern migration and drifted northward during the 18th and 19th centuries.
This effect occurred as a result of the Northern Hemisphere season shifting from winter to summer when the Northern Hemisphere tipped towards the Sun. The southbound trend of the Saros series resumed with the eclipse of May At this point, the duration of totality at greatest eclipse had again increased to over 5 minutes. The most recent member occurred on Jun 21 and its path crossed southern Africa on the summer solstice. After , the next member occurs on Jul 13 and passes through Australia and New Zealand.
On Jul 24, the series returns to the African continent producing a path through South Africa. New Moon: When the Moon is in the same direction as the Sun, its illuminated half would be facing away from the Earth, and therefore the part that faces us is all dark, this we call the new moon. During the New Moon, the Moon and the Sun rise and set at the same time. Waxing Crescent Moon: As the Moon moves around the Earth, we would be able see more of the illuminated half, and we say the Moon is waxing. The Moon seems to growsas days go by. This phase is called the crescent moon.
Quarter Moon: A week after the New moon, when the Moon has completed about a quarter of its turn around the Earth, we can see half of the illuminated part; that is, a quarter of the Moon. This is the first quarter Moon.